# What Is the Receivables Turnover Ratio Formula?

Companies with efficient collection processes possess higher accounts receivable turnover ratios. Companies with more complex accounting information systems may be able to easily extract its average accounts receivable balance at the end of each day. The company may then take the average of these balances; however, it must be mindful of how day-to-day entries may change the average. Similar to calculating net credit sales, the average accounts receivable balance should only cover a very specific time period. The denominator of the accounts receivable turnover ratio is the average accounts receivable balance.

This inaccuracy skews results as it makes a company’s calculation look higher. When evaluating an externally-calculated ratio, ensure you understand how the ratio was calculated. It measures the value of a company’s sales or revenues relative to the value of its assets and indicates how efficiently a company uses its assets to generate revenue. A low asset turnover ratio indicates that the company is using its assets inefficiently to generate sales.

But if you rarely have a past-due customer, your accounts receivable turnover number will be higher. There are many reasons you should make sure account receivable collecting activities are proper. Accounts receivable are when your customers purchase goods or render services from your company on credit. AR are the types of loans you provide to them in terms of free of interest. Calculating individual customers’ Day Sales Outstanding (DSO) is easier and offers context faster than the receivables turnover here.

Calculating A’s and B’s individual AR turnovers makes more sense in this case. However, these calculations are tedious if you have a large customer base. As the name suggests, this number is the average receivables amount your company has recorded over a certain period. As you can see, you must calculate the accounts receivable turnover formula’s inputs first.

Investors could take an average of accounts receivable from each month during a 12-month period to help smooth out any seasonal gaps. Therefore, Trinity Bikes Shop collected its average accounts receivable approximately 7.2 times over the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. First, you’ll need to find your net credit sales or all the sales customers made on credit. For example, a company wants to determine the company’s accounts receivable turnover for the past year. To learn more about other small business accounting software that can help small businesses with accounts receivable management, check out our accounting reviews. If your customers frequently pay late, then chances are your number will be low.

## Why is it important to track accounts receivable turnover?

Of course, if your business has limited customers or you rarely offer credit to customers, calculating your accounts receivable turnover ratio will likely be of little use to you. The net credit sales can usually be found on the company’s income statement for the year although not all companies report cash and credit sales separately. Average receivables is calculated by adding the beginning and ending receivables for the year and dividing by two. In a sense, this is a rough calculation of the average receivables for the year. A low AR turnover does not indicate poor collection practices by itself. CFOs and accountants view the AR turnover with other financial metrics such as AR aging, bad debt, and collection probabilities to determine cash flow health.

The accounts receivable turnover ratio, or debtor’s turnover ratio, measures how efficiently your company collects revenue. An accounts receivable turnover ratio of 12 means that your company collects receivables 12 times per year or every 30 days, on average. It can be a good way to determine whether a company’s collections policy is trending faster or slower over time. Because of this, the receivables turnover ratio is best used as a comparative metric.

• Best of all, you’ll align yourself with your customers’ accounts payable (AP) priorities.
• It is normally found within a page or two of the balance sheet in a company’s annual report or 10K.
• For example, let us assume Acme Inc experiences a lull in cash flow during the summer and an influx in winter.
• As the name suggests, this number is the average receivables amount your company has recorded over a certain period.
• In doing so, they can reduce the number of days it takes to collect payments and encourage more customers to pay on time.
• To see if customers are paying on time, you need to look for the income statement.

If the turnover is high it indicates a combination of a conservative credit policy and an aggressive collections process, as well a lot of high-quality customers. A company should consider collecting on excessively old account receivable that are tying up capital, if their turnover ratio low. Low turnover is likely caused by lax credit policies, an inadequate collections process and/or a customer base with financial difficulties. AccountEdge Pro lets you track both cash and credit sales, a necessity for calculating accounts receivable turnover ratio properly. It also offers excellent reporting capability including complete financial statements along with audit trail reports.

## Receivables vs. Asset Turnover Ratio

An accounts receivable is the sum of the beginning and ending account balances divided by two. Stock research firm CSI Markets published data across several industries in 2022. However, the firm has not disclosed marginal cost: definition equation & formula its sampling methods or collection practices. Even if you trust the businesses that you extend credit to, there are other reasons you may want to make a more serious effort to develop a higher ratio.

## Understanding your accounts receivable turnover ratio

Aligning AR and sales using cash flow data will align both teams and deliver great customer experiences. As a result, your AR team will make fewer errors, have lesser manual follow-ups to execute, and collect on invoices faster. Here are some of the best ways to improve your receivables turnover ratio. You cannot make blanket assumptions if your company’s accounts receivable ratio is high or low. We must take our analysis a step further by examining Acme’s competitors’ credit policies and payment plans. Examining their pricing structures is also instructive since we want to compare apples to apples.

## Do you own a business?

Get instant access to lessons taught by experienced private equity pros and bulge bracket investment bankers including financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel Modeling. Failure to do so may lead to an unreliable understanding of how high or low a company’s ratio is or should be. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. In effect, the amount of real cash on hand is reduced, meaning there is less cash available to the company for reinvesting into operations and spending on future growth. If your revenue is near £85,000 – the current VAT threshold – you must measure the ‘VAT taxable turnover’.

It most often means that your business is very efficient at collecting the money it’s owed. That’s also usually coupled with the fact that you have quality customers who pay on time. These on-time payments are significant because they improve your business’s cash flow and open up credit lines for customers to make additional purchases.

FreshBooks reporting options are fairly basic, but both financial statements and sales reports are available. Accounts receivable turnover also is and indication of the quality of credit sales and receivables. A company with a higher ratio shows that credit sales are more likely to be collected than a company with a lower ratio. Since accounts receivable are often posted as collateral for loans, quality of receivables is important. A turn refers to each time a company collects its average receivables. There’s no ideal ratio that applies to every business in every industry.

Always strive to improve your financial position and increase your AR turnover ratio. CSI is grouping investment banks with merchant cash advance companies, businesses with wildly different customers and collection practices. In contrast, industries such as retail have high AR turnover ratios because they collect cash immediately from customers. However, this high number does not mean retail is a better business sector than others with lower AR turnover values. Since we already have our net credit sales (\$400,000), we can skip straight to the second step—identifying the average accounts receivable. A low ratio may also indicate that your business has subpar collection processes.